Abstract. Delforge, P.- Epipactis exilis, a new name to replace E. gracilis B. Baumann & H. Baumann 1988, nom. illegitimum, non (Hooker f. 1890) A.A.Eaton 1908 (Orchidaceae, Neottiae) [Natural. belges 85 (Orchid. 17) (2004): 245-246]. The name Epipactis exilis nom. nov. is proposed as a nomenclatural substitute for Epipactis gracilis B. Baumann & H. Baumann 1988, a later  homonym of Epipactis gracilis (Hooker f. 1890) A.A.Eaton 1908.

Key-Words: Orchidaceae; nomenclature,  European and Mediterranean flora.