Abstract. P. DELFORGE.- A very northern Dactylorhiza [Natural. belges (Orchid. 5) 71 (1990): 99-102]. D. maculata subsp. montellii, a well delimited but little observed taxon from Lapland, is elevated the species rank: D.  montellii (Vermeulen) P. Delforge. The species is described in detail. The distribution, a list of sites and a synonymy are included.